Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Atopic status and latex sensitization in a cohort of 1,628 students of health care faculties

Auteur     Anna Elena Wudy
Auteur     Corrado Negro
Auteur     Alessandro Adami
Auteur     Francesca Larese Filon
Volume     118
Numéro     5
Pages     603-607
Publication     Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology: Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology
ISSN     1534-4436
Date     May 2017
Résumé     BACKGROUND: Atopic diseases have increased since the second half of the previous century. Atopic workers are at higher risk to be sensitized to latex, and the first years of exposure are supposed to be especially risky. OBJECTIVE: To assess atopic status and rate of latex sensitization in health care students starting their exposure to latex gloves. METHODS: We analyzed medical surveillance data from 1,628 health care students from 2010 to 2016. Students completed a questionnaire focused on their previous and current latex exposure and personal and family histories of allergic diseases; underwent skin prick testing with common allergens and latex extract (and/or total and latex-specific immunoglobulin E in serum); and underwent a medical examination. RESULTS: Skin prick test results for common inhalant allergens showed that 807 of 1,628 students (49.6%) had atopy. Atopy by skin prick testing was associated with male sex (odds ratio 1.49, 95% confidence interval 1.18-1.86), a personal history of oculorhinitis or asthma (odds ratio 10.22, 95% confidence interval 7.4-14.13), and atopic eczema (odds ratio 1.87, 95% confidence interval 1.05-3.36) at multivariate regression analysis. Eleven students (0.7% of total population) were found to be sensitized to latex and all had atopy. CONCLUSION: Despite the high prevalence of atopy in health care students of Trieste, the latex sensitization rate is very low and comparable to general population. This is reasonably due to the low exposure to latex gloves at the time of the evaluation and to low latex release from the gloves currently used in our hospital.

Export bibliographique

Chercher cette référence sur : Google Scholar, Worldcat


Laisser une réponse

Vous devez etre connectez Pour poster un commentaire