Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Age as a Risk Factor for Burnout Syndrome in Nursing Professionals: A Meta-Analytic Study

Auteur     José L. Gómez-Urquiza
Auteur     Cristina Vargas
Auteur     Emilia I. De la Fuente
Auteur     Rafael Fernández-Castillo
Auteur     Guillermo A. Cañadas-De la Fuente
Volume     40
Numéro     2
Pages     99-110
Publication     Research in Nursing & Health
ISSN     1098-240X
Date     Apr 2017
Résumé     Although past research has highlighted the possibility of a direct relationship between the age of nursing professionals and burnout syndrome, results have been far from conclusive. The aim of this study was to conduct a wider analysis of the influence of age on the three dimensions of burnout syndrome (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment) in nurses. We performed a meta-analysis of 51 publications extracted from health sciences and psychology databases that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. There were 47 reports of information on emotional exhaustion in 50 samples, 39 reports on depersonalization for 42 samples, and 31 reports on personal accomplishment in 34 samples. The mean effect sizes indicated that younger age was a significant factor in the emotional exhaustion and depersonalization of nurses, although it was somewhat less influential in the dimension of personal accomplishment. Because of heterogeneity in the effect sizes, moderating variables that might explain the association between age and burnout were also analyzed. Gender, marital status, and study characteristics moderated the relationship between age and burnout and may be crucial for the identification of high-risk groups. More research is needed on other variables for which there were only a small number of studies. Identification of burnout risk factors will facilitate establishment of burnout prevention programs for nurses. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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