Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Radiation Exposure of the Operator During Coronary Interventions (from the RADIO Study)

Auteur     Zacharenia Kallinikou
Auteur     Serban G. Puricel
Auteur     Nick Ryckx
Auteur     Mario Togni
Auteur     Gerard Baeriswyl
Auteur     Jean-Christophe Stauffer
Auteur     Stephane Cook
Auteur     Francis R. Verdun
Auteur     Jean-Jacques Goy
Volume     118
Numéro     2
Pages     188-194
Publication     The American Journal of Cardiology
ISSN     1879-1913
Date     Jul 15, 2016
Résumé     We sought to compare operator radiation exposure during procedures using right femoral access (RFA), right radial access (RRA), and left radial access (LRA) during coronary angiography (CA) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Because of an increased incidence of long-term malignancy in interventional cardiologists, operator radiation exposure is of rising concern. This prospective study included all consecutive patients who underwent elective or emergency CA ± PCI from September 2014 to March 2015. The primary end point was operator radiation exposure, quantified as the ratio of operator cumulative dose (CD) and patient radiation reported as dose-area product (DAP) (CD/DAP). Secondary end points included CD, DAP, and fluoroscopy time (FT). Overall 830 procedures (457 CA [55%] and 373 PCI [45%]) were performed, 455 (55%) through RFA, 272 (33%) through RRA, and 103 (12%) through LRA. The CD/DAP was lower in RFA (0.09 μSv/Gycm(2) [0.02 to 0.20]) compared with RRA (0.47 μSv/Gycm(2) [0.25 to 0.75], p <0.001). The LRA showed lower CD/DAP compared with RRA (p <0.001). CD was significantly lower in RFA (3 μSv [1 to 7]) compared with RRA (12 μSv [6 to 29], p <0.001). The LRA showed lower CD compared with RRA (p <0.001). There were no significant differences in DAP among the 3 access sites. FT was similar for the 3 groups (RFA 7 ± 7, RRA 5 ± 5, LRA 6 ± 5 minutes, RFA vs RRA: p = 1, RFA vs LRA: p = 0.16, RRA vs LRA: p = 0.52). In conclusion, the use of RFA during CA ± PCI is associated with significantly lower operator radiation exposure compared with RRA. LRA is associated with significantly lower operator radiation exposure compared with RRA.

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