Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Vaccination of healthcare workers: A review

Auteur        Skerdi Haviari
Auteur        Thomas Bénet
Auteur        Mitra Saadatian-Elahi
Auteur        Philippe André
Auteur        Pierre Loulergue
Auteur        Philippe Vanhems
Volume        11
Numéro        11
Pages        2522-2537
Publication        Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
ISSN        2164-554X
Date        2015
Résumé        Vaccine-preventable diseases are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. As new vaccines are proving to be effective and as the incidence of some infections decreases, vaccination practices are changing. Healthcare workers (HCWs) are particularly exposed to and play a role in nosocomial transmission, which makes them an important target group for vaccination. Most vaccine-preventable diseases still carry a significant risk of resurgence and have caused outbreaks in recent years. While many professional societies favor vaccination of HCWs as well as the general population, recommendations differ from country to country. In turn, vaccination coverage varies widely for each microorganism and for each country, making hospitals and clinics vulnerable to outbreaks. Vaccine mandates and non-mandatory strategies are the subject of ongoing research and controversies. Optimal approaches to increase coverage and turn the healthcare workforce into an efficient barrier against infectious diseases are still being debated.

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