Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Secondhand smoke in the operating room? Precautionary practices lacking for surgical smoke

Auteur       Andrea L. Steege
Auteur       James M. Boiano
Auteur       Marie H. Sweeney
Publication       American Journal of Industrial Medicine
ISSN       1097-0274
Date       Jun 10, 2016
Résumé       BACKGROUND: Consensus organizations, government bodies, and healthcare organization guidelines recommend that surgical smoke be evacuated at the source by local exhaust ventilation (LEV) (i.e., smoke evacuators or wall suctions with inline filters). METHODS: Data are from NIOSH’s Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers module on precautionary practices for surgical smoke. RESULTS: Four thousand five hundred thirty-three survey respondents reported exposure to surgical smoke: 4,500 during electrosurgery; 1,392 during laser surgery procedures. Respondents were mainly nurses (56%) and anesthesiologists (21%). Only 14% of those exposed during electrosurgery reported LEV was always used during these procedures, while 47% reported use during laser surgery. Those reporting LEV was always used were also more likely to report training and employer standard procedures addressing the hazards of surgical smoke. Few respondents reported use of respiratory protection. CONCLUSIONS: Study findings can be used to raise awareness of the marginal use of exposure controls and impediments for their use. Am. J. Ind. Med. Published 2016. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

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