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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Association between Sick Leave Prescribing Practices and Physician Burnout and Empathy

Auteur       Oriol Yuguero Torres
Auteur       Montserrat Esquerda Aresté
Auteur       Josep Ramon Marsal Mora
Auteur       Jorge Soler-González
Volume       10
Numéro       7
Pages       e0133379
Publication       PloS One
ISSN       1932-6203
Date       2015
Résumé       OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between sick leave prescription and physician burnout and empathy in a primary care health district in Lleida, Spain. METHODS: This descriptive study included 108 primary care doctors from 22 primary care centers in Lleida in 2014 (183,600 patients). Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory and empathy with the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy. The reliability of the instruments was measured by calculating Cronbach’s alpha and normal distribution was analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov-Lilliefors and χ2 tests. Burnout and empathy scores were analyzed by age, sex, and place of work (urban vs rural). Sick leave data were obtained from the Catalan Health Institute. RESULTS: High empathy was significantly associated with low burnout. Neither empathy nor burnout were significantly associated with sick leave prescription. CONCLUSION: Sick leave prescription by physicians is not associated with physicians’ empathy or burnout and may mostly depend on prescribing guidelines.

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