Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Psychophysical workload in the operating room: primary surgeon versus assistant

Auteur       Annika Rieger
Auteur       Sebastian Fenger
Auteur       Sebastian Neubert
Auteur       Matthias Weippert
Auteur       Steffi Kreuzfeld
Auteur       Regina Stoll
Volume       29
Numéro       7
Pages       1990-1998
Publication       Surgical Endoscopy
ISSN       1432-2218
Date       Jul 2015
Résumé       BACKGROUND: Working in the operating room is characterized by high demands and overall workload of the surgical team. Surgeons often report that they feel more stressed when operating as a primary surgeon than in the function as an assistant which has been confirmed in recent studies. In this study, intra-individual workload was assessed in both intraoperative functions using a multidimensional approach that combined objective and subjective measures in a realistic work setting. METHODS: Surgeons’ intraoperative psychophysiologic workload was assessed through a mobile health system. 25 surgeons agreed to take part in the 24-hour monitoring by giving their written informed consent. The mobile health system contained a sensor electronic module integrated in a chest belt and measuring physiological parameters such as heart rate (HR), breathing rate (BR), and skin temperature. Subjective workload was assessed pre- and postoperatively using an electronic version of the NASA-TLX on a smartphone. The smartphone served as a communication unit and transferred objective and subjective measures to a communication server where data were stored and analyzed. RESULTS: Working as a primary surgeon did not result in higher workload. Neither NASA-TLX ratings nor physiological workload indicators were related to intraoperative function. In contrast, length of surgeries had a significant impact on intraoperative physical demands (p < 0.05; η(2) = 0.283), temporal demands (p < 0.05; η(2) = 0.260), effort (p < 0.05; η(2) = 0.287), and NASA-TLX sum score (p < 0.01; η(2) = 0.287). CONCLUSIONS: Intra-individual workload differences do not relate to intraoperative role of surgeons when length of surgery is considered as covariate. An intelligent operating management that considers the length of surgeries by implementing short breaks could contribute to the optimization of intraoperative workload and the preservation of surgeons’ health, respectively. The value of mobile health systems for continuous psychophysiologic workload assessment was shown.

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