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Pertussis-specific memory B-cell and humoral IgG responses in adolescents after a fifth consecutive dose of acellular pertussis vaccine

Auteur     Maja Jahnmatz
Auteur     Margaretha Ljungman
Auteur     Eva Netterlid
Auteur     Maria C. Jenmalm
Auteur     Lennart Nilsson
Auteur     Rigmor Thorstensson
Volume     21
Numéro     9
Pages     1301-1308
Publication     Clinical and vaccine immunology: CVI
ISSN     1556-679X
Date     Sep 2014
Résumé     In order to impede the increase in pertussis incidence in the adolescent group, a school-leaving booster dose administered at the age of 14 to 16 years will be introduced in Sweden in 2016. Preceding this introduction, an open-label, randomized, multicenter, clinical trial without a control group and with blinded analysis was performed, investigating both safety and immunogenicity. Reported here are the memory B-cell and serological responses detected in a smaller cohort (n = 34) of the 230 subjects recruited to the study. All subjects had received primary vaccination consisting of three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-5-component pertussis (DTaP5) vaccine, at 3, 5, and 12 months of age, and a tetanus-low-dose diphtheria-5-component pertussis (Tdap5) vaccine booster at 5.5 years. In this study, the subjects were randomly assigned and received either a Tdap1 or Tdap5 booster. Of the 230 participants, 34 subjects had samples available for evaluation of IgG-producing memory B-cell responses. Both vaccine groups had significant increases in pertussis toxin-specific serum IgG levels, but only the 1-component group showed significant increases in pertussis toxin-specific memory B cells. The 5-component group had significant increases in filamentous hemagglutinin- and pertactin-specific memory B-cell and serum IgG levels; these were not seen in the 1-component group, as expected. In conclusion, this study shows that a 5th consecutive dose of an acellular pertussis vaccine induces B-cell responses in vaccinated adolescents. (This study has been registered at EudraCT under registration no. 2008-008195-13 and at under registration no. NCT00870350.).

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