Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Varicella seroprevalence among health care workers in Korea: validity of self-reported history and cost-effectiveness of prevaccination screening

Auteur     Ji-Hea Kang
Auteur     Yoon Soo Park
Auteur     Shin Young Park
Auteur     Sae Bom Kim
Auteur     Kwang-Pil Ko
Auteur     Yiel-Hea Seo
Volume     42
Numéro     8
Pages     885-887
Publication     American Journal of Infection Control
ISSN     1527-3296
Date     Aug 2014
Résumé     BACKGROUND: The validity of self-reported varicella history and cost-effectiveness of a prevaccination screening strategy have not been examined among health care workers (HCWs) living in Korea. METHODS: We investigated varicella-zoster virus immunity of all HCWs in high-risk departments. To determine the history of varicella, all applicants completed a standardized questionnaire at the time of blood sampling for serologic testing. RESULTS: Of the 550 HCWs, 526 (96%) were varicella seropositive. Although self-reported history was highly predictive of seropositivity (≥96%) among all age groups, the negative predictive value was extremely low (4%-5%) among all age groups. The prevaccination screening strategy was cheaper than vaccination without antibody screening if the varicella seroprevalence was >28%. CONCLUSION: Seroprevalence was high (≥95%) among HCWs born in Korea before 1988. The self-reported varicella history did not accurately predict immunity, especially for individuals who have negative or uncertain varicella history. Given the high seroprevalence of varicella in Korean HCWs, serologic screening before vaccination was more cost-effective than universal vaccination.

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