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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Effects on Presenteeism and Absenteeism From a 1-Year Workplace Randomized Controlled Trial Among Health Care Workers

Auteur Jeanette Reffstrup Christensen
Auteur Kristian Overgaard
Auteur Klaus Hansen
Auteur Karen Søgaard
Auteur Andreas Holtermann
Publication Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
ISSN 1536-5948
Date Sep 23, 2013
Résumé OBJECTIVES:: It is unknown whether workplace interventions successfully improving health outcomes can also provide concurrent improvements in presenteeism and absenteeism. METHODS:: A 1-year cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted on 144 employees at a care unit in Denmark. The intervention consisted of calorie-limited diet, physical exercise, and cognitive behavioral training during working hours 1 hour per week. The reference group was offered presentations about healthy lifestyle. Absenteeism and presenteeism (productivity, workability, and sickness absence) were recorded at baseline and after 3 and 12 months of intervention. RESULTS:: In intention-to-treat analysis, a significant effect of the intervention was found for productivity after 3 months. Nevertheless, after 12 months no significant effects on absenteeism or presenteeism were found. CONCLUSIONS:: This study suggests that a worksite intervention, despite successfully reducing overweight, does not induce lasting improvements on absenteeism or presenteeism.

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