Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

TB Screening in Canadian Health Care Workers Using Interferon-Gamma Release Assays

Auteur     Alice Zwerling
Auteur     Mihaela Cojocariu
Auteur     Fiona McIntosh
Auteur     Filomena Pietrangelo
Auteur     Marcel A Behr
Auteur     Kevin Schwartzman
Auteur     Andrea Benedetti
Auteur     Nandini Dendukuri
Auteur     Dick Menzies
Auteur     Madhukar Pai
Résumé     BACKGROUND While many North American healthcare institutions are switching from Tuberculin Skin Test (TST) to Interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs), there is relatively limited data on association between occupational tuberculosis (TB) risk factors and test positivity and/or patterns of test discordance. METHODS We recruited a cohort of Canadian health care workers (HCWs) in Montreal, and performed both TST and QuantiFERON-TB Gold In Tube (QFT) tests, and assessed risk factors and occupational exposure. RESULTS In a cross-sectional analysis of baseline results, the prevalence of TST positivity using the 10 mm cut-off was 5.7% (22/388, 95%CI: 3.6-8.5%), while QFT positivity was 6.2% (24/388, 95%CI: 4-9.1%). Overall agreement between the tests was poor (kappa = 0.26), and 8.3% of HCWs had discordant test results, most frequently TST-/QFT+ (17/388, 4.4%). TST positivity was associated with total years worked in health care, non-occupational exposure to TB and BCG vaccination received after infancy or on multiple occasions. QFT positivity was associated with having worked as a HCW in a foreign country. CONCLUSIONS Our results suggest that LTBI prevalence as measured by either the TST or the QFT is low in this HCW population. Of concern is the high frequency of unexplainable test discordance, namely: TST-/QFT+ subjects, and the lack of any association between QFT positivity and clear-cut recent TB exposure. If these discordant results are indeed false positives, the use of QFT in lieu of TST in low TB incidence settings could result in overtreatment of uninfected individuals.
Publication     PloS one
Volume     7
Numéro     8
Pages     e43014
Date     2012

Export bibliographique

Chercher cette référence sur : Google Scholar, Worldcat


Laisser une réponse

Vous devez etre connectez Pour poster un commentaire