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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Impact of the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic on Canadian health care workers: A survey on vaccination, illness, absenteeism, and personal protective equipment

Auteur     Robyn Mitchell
Auteur     Toju Ogunremi
Auteur     George Astrakianakis
Auteur     Elizabeth Bryce
Auteur     Robert Gervais
Auteur     Denise Gravel
Auteur     Lynn Johnston
Auteur     Stéphanie Leduc
Auteur     Virginia Roth
Auteur     Geoffrey Taylor
Auteur     Mary Vearncombe
Auteur     Christine Weir
Résumé     BACKGROUND: Data are limited on the impact of the 2009 H1N1 influenza A pandemic on health care worker (HCW) vaccination, illness, absenteeism, and personal protective equipment (PPE) use. METHODS: A survey was completed by HCWs from 14 hospitals participating in the Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program who provided direct care to patients with pH1N1 influenza in high-risk units between September and December 2009. RESULTS: Surveys were returned from 986 HCWs (80% nurses, 14% respiratory therapists, and 6% physicians). HCWs working in an intensive care unit (78%) or a designated influenza ward (67%) were more compliant with wearing an N95 respirator for aerosol-generating medical procedures than those working in an emergency department (47%; P < .001). HCWs who worked in health care for >11 years were more compliant with wearing protective eyewear than those who worked for ≤11 years (69% vs 54%; P < .001). A total of 815 HCWs (83%) reported having received the pH1N1 influenza vaccine, and 372 (38%) reported having received the 2009-2010 seasonal influenza vaccine. Influenza-like illness was reported by 236 (24%) HCWs, 170 of whom (72%) reported missing work. CONCLUSIONS: Experience working in health care improves PPE use and HCWs in emergency departments should be targeted for interventions to improve PPE compliance. pH1N1 influenza vaccine coverage was high, but seasonal influenza vaccine coverage was low, and significant HCW illness and absenteeism were reported.
Publication     American journal of infection control
Date     May 8, 2012

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