Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Prevalence of alcohol use disorders among american surgeons

Auteur     Michael R Oreskovich
Auteur     Krista L Kaups
Auteur     Charles M Balch
Auteur     John B Hanks
Auteur     Daniel Satele
Auteur     Jeff Sloan
Auteur     Charles Meredith
Auteur     Amanda Buhl
Auteur     Lotte N Dyrbye
Auteur     Tait D Shanafelt
Résumé     OBJECTIVES To determine the point prevalence of alcohol abuse and dependence among practicing surgeons. DESIGN Cross-sectional study with data gathered through a 2010 survey. SETTING The United States of America. PARTICIPANTS Members of the American College of Surgeons. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Alcohol abuse and dependence. RESULTS Of 25 073 surgeons sampled, 7197 (28.7%) completed the survey. Of these, 1112 (15.4%) had a score on the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, version C, consistent with alcohol abuse or dependence. The point prevalence for alcohol abuse or dependence for male surgeons was 13.9% and for female surgeons was 25.6%. Surgeons reporting a major medical error in the previous 3 months were more likely to have alcohol abuse or dependence (odds ratio, 1.45; P < .001). Surgeons who were burned out (odds ratio, 1.25; P = .01) and depressed (odds ratio, 1.48; P < .001) were more likely to have alcohol abuse or dependence. The emotional exhaustion and depersonalization domains of burnout were strongly associated with alcohol abuse or dependence. Male sex, having children, and working for the Department of Veterans Affairs were associated with a lower likelihood of alcohol abuse or dependence. CONCLUSIONS Alcohol abuse and dependence is a significant problem in US surgeons. Organizational approaches for the early identification of problematic alcohol consumption followed by intervention and treatment where indicated should be strongly supported.
Publication     Archives of Surgery (Chicago, Ill.: 1960)
Volume     147
Numéro     2
Pages     168-174
Date     Feb 2012

Export bibliographique

Chercher cette référence sur : Google Scholar, Worldcat


Laisser une réponse

Vous devez etre connectez Pour poster un commentaire