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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Surgeon radiation exposure in cone beam computed tomography-based, image-guided spinal surgery

Auteur     Eric W Nottmeier
Auteur     Cammi Bowman
Auteur     Kevin L Nelson
Résumé     BACKGROUND: Radiation exposure to the surgeon is a concern in spinal surgery, especially with the increasing popularity of minimally invasive spinal surgery techniques. Three-dimensional (3D) image guidance used in conjunction with cone beam computed tomography (cbCT) has a theoretical advantage of decreased radiation exposure to the surgeon and operating room (OR) staff. Radiation scatter to the environment immediately surrounding a CT scanner during acquisition of a CT scan is a known entity. This in vivo study measures the radiation exposure to the surgeon when using cbCT registration in 3D image-guided spinal surgery. METHODS: Two badge dosimeters were worn by the surgeon (EWN), one on the right waistband of the surgeon’s scrubs and the other located over the thyroid area during 25 consecutive spinal surgery cases in which cbCT was used in conjunction with 3D image guidance. No lead protection was worn by the surgeon. The cbCT device was used for registration of the anatomy and to confirm adequate instrumentation placement. The surgeon stood behind a clear lead shield in the same location during every spin of the cbCT device. After the 25th case, the badge dosimeters were sent to the radiology department for analysis. RESULTS: Overall, 63 cbCT spins were accomplished in 25 patients. A total of 228 screws were placed into spinal levels spanning from C2 to the ileum. No complications resulted from instrumentation placement or the use of image guidance.Analysis of both badge dosimeters revealed 0 millirem (mRem) exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that no radiation exposure to the surgeon occurs in cbCT-based, 3D image-guided spinal surgery procedures. Additionally, radiation scatter does not result in surgeon radiation exposure during patient registration if the surgeon stands behind a lead shield 10 feet from the cbCT device and not in direct line with the opening of the cbCT tube. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Publication     The International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
Date     Nov 23, 2011

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