Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Immunotoxicity monitoring of hospital staff occupationally exposed to cytostatic drugs

Auteur     Anna Biró
Auteur     Zoltán Fodor
Auteur     Jeno Major
Auteur     Anna Tompa
Résumé     The aim of our study was to investigate the immunotoxicity of occupational cytostatic drug exposure, and to assess the possible effect of confounding factors, such as age and smoking. In this human study, the immunotoxic effect of antineoplastic drugs was investigated among 306 nurses working in oncology chemotherapy units. Results were compared to 98 non-exposed women. The immune status of the subjects was characterized by immune phenotyping of peripheral blood lymphocytes by flow cytometry, using monoclonal antibodies against surface antigens (CD3, CD4, CD8, CD19, CD25, CD45, CD56 and CD71). The killing ability of neutrophil leukocytes was assessed by the measurement of reactive oxygen intermediate production. Occupational exposure to antineoplastic drugs caused shifts in the major lymphocyte subpopulations, resulting in a statistically significant increase in the ratio of B cells. Cytostatic drug exposure also manifested itself in a decreased frequency of CD25 positive, activated T lymphocytes, and increased oxidative burst of neutrophil granulocytes, both of which may have a functional impact on the immune system of exposed subjects. In the younger subjects exposure also caused a shift in T cell subpopulations: a reduction in the cytotoxic T cell population lead to an elevated Th/Tc ratio. In the exposed group, smoking increased activation of T lymphocyte subpopulations. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that low dose occupational cytostatic drug exposure is immunotoxic, and age and smoking modify the effect of exposure.
Publication     Pathology Oncology Research: POR
Volume     17
Numéro     2
Pages     301-308
Date     Jun 2011

Export bibliographique

Chercher cette référence sur : Google Scholar, Worldcat


Laisser une réponse

Vous devez etre connectez Pour poster un commentaire