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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Workaholism, burnout and well-being among junior doctors: The mediating role of role conflict

Auteur     Wilmar B. Schaufeli
Auteur     Arnold B. Bakker
Auteur     Frank M. M. A. van der Heijden
Auteur     Jelle T. Prins
Résumé     This study, conducted on a nation-wide sample of Dutch junior doctors (also called medical residents) (N =2115), investigated the unique relationships of workaholism with burnout and well-being, and hypothesized that (inter- and intra-) role conflict would mediate these effects. The results of multi-group structural equation modelling analyses offered support for this model. Specifically, role conflict fully mediated the relationships between workaholism (i.e. working excessively and working compulsively) and job demands (i.e. emotional, mental and organizational demands) on the one hand, and burnout (i.e. emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced medical accomplishment) and well-being (job satisfaction, happiness and perceived health) on the other hand. This indicates that workaholism contributed incrementally to explaining positive (well-being) and negative (burnout) outcomes beyond common indicators of job demands.
Publication     Work & Stress
Volume     23
Numéro     2
Pages     155
Date     2009

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