Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Transmission of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 influenza to healthcare personnel in the United States

Auteur     Matthew E Wise
Auteur     Marie De Perio
Auteur     John Halpin
Auteur     Michael Jhung
Auteur     Shelley Magill
Auteur     Stephanie R Black
Auteur     Susan I Gerber
Auteur     Kathleen Harriman
Auteur     Jon Rosenberg
Auteur     Gwen Borlaug
Auteur     Lyn Finelli
Auteur     Sonja J Olsen
Auteur     David L Swerdlow
Auteur     Alexander J Kallen
Résumé     After identification of pandemic 2009 influenza (pH1N1) in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) worked with state and local health officials to characterize infections among healthcare personnel (HCP). Detailed information, including likely routes of exposure, was reported for 70 HCP from 22 states. Thirty-five cases (50%) were classified as being infected in healthcare settings, 18 cases (26%) were considered to have been infected in community settings, and no definitive source was identified for 17 cases (24%). Of the 23 HCP infected by ill patients, only 20% reported using an N95 respirator or surgical mask during all encounters and more than half worked in outpatient clinics. In addition to community transmission, likely patient-to-HCP and HCP-to-HCP transmission were identified in healthcare settings, highlighting the need for comprehensive infection control strategies including administration of influenza vaccine, appropriate management of ill HCP, and adherence to infection control precautions.
Publication     Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Volume     52 Suppl 1
Pages     S198-204
Date     Jan 1, 2011

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