Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Role stress and personal resources in nursing: A cross-sectional study of burnout and engagement

Auteur Eva Garrosa
Auteur Bernardo Moreno-Jiménez
Auteur Alfredo Rodríguez-Muñoz
Auteur Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal
Résumé BACKGROUND: The experience of role stress has been linked to burnout as an important job stressor, but the impact of this stressor in the context of engagement (characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption) has not yet been sufficiently studied among nurses. Personal resources also appear to influence the process of burnout and engagement. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the influence of role stress and personal resources (optimism, hardy personality and emotional competence) in nursing on burnout and engagement dimensions. DESIGN AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional data from 508 nurses from general hospitals in Madrid (Spain) showed that both role stress and personal resources were related to burnout and engagement dimensions, although role stress was more closely related to nursing burnout, whereas personal resources were more closely related to nursing engagement. In addition, optimism as a personal resource, showed a moderator effect on exhaustion and the three dimensions of engagement. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides additional support about role stress as an important predictor of burnout and engagement in nursing, even after controlling for personal resources and socio-demographic variables.
Publication International Journal of Nursing Studies
Date Sep 7, 2010

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