Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Attitudes of influenza-vaccinated health care workers toward masks to prevent nosocomial transmission of influenza

Auteur     Christian Brandt
Auteur     Holger F Rabenau
Auteur     Sabine Wicker
Résumé     Background  Influenza viruses are highly contagious. Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of occupational exposure to influenza and may transmit the infection to their patients and coworkers. Objectives  The aim of the study was to characterize the attitudes of HCWs regarding the use of surgical masks to prevent nosocomial influenza transmission. Furthermore, we assessed the informational needs of HCWs with regard to infection control measures. Methods  A survey was conducted among HCWs, using an anonymous questionnaire, at a German University Hospital during an influenza vaccination campaign. Results  Overall, 40·5% of the HCWs were vaccinated against seasonal influenza, and 35·2% were vaccinated against Influenza A/H1N1 (« swine flu »). In total, 1445 vaccinees completed the anonymous questionnaire. Of all respondents, 70·5% stated that the infection control recommendation « wearing a surgical » mask was appropriate to avoid influenza transmission. The percentage of HCWs who would like to have had more information about the infection control measures was 67·5%. Conclusions  Appropriate interventions ought to be taken to reduce the risk of exposure to influenza viruses among HCWs. Adherence to recommendations for the use of masks among HCWs needs to be evaluated. Further work is required to highlight the informational needs of HCWs to gain an appreciation of infection control measures.
Publication     Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
Volume     5
Numéro     1
Pages     61-66
Date     Jan 2011

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