Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Pre-Packed Vacuum Bone Cement Mixing Systems. A Further Step in Reducing Methylmethacrylate Exposure in Surgery

Auteur Ulf J Schlegel
Auteur Michael Sturm
Auteur Peer Eysel
Auteur Steffen J Breusch
Résumé OBJECTIVES: Polymethylmethacrylate bone cements are widely used in orthopaedic and trauma surgery as well as in dentistry. The toxic side effects of inhaled methylmethacrylate (MMA) fumes generated during mixing have been well studied. Vacuum cement mixing systems have been shown to reduce the risk of airborne MMA significantly compared to handmixing. In an effort to further reduce MMA exposure, the latest generation of mixing devices are pre-packed with the ingredients and thus allow preparation in nearly closed circuits. Until now, there has been no study proofing the efficacy of those systems in protecting theatre staff from MMA vapours. METHODS: A pre-packed vacuum mixing system (Optipac(R)) was compared with two standard systems (Palamix(R) and Easymix(R)) regarding MMA emission. The latter systems require loading with the bone cement compounds prior to mixing. Following a standardized procedure, 10 mixes were performed with each system and the emission of MMA vapours in the breathing zone was recorded using photoionization detection over a period of 3 min. RESULTS: The mean MMA exposure was reduced when using the pre-packed system compared to the devices that require filling with the components. The highest emission peaks were recorded during the mixing and preparation steps in all systems. CONCLUSIONS: Modern pre-packed vacuum mixing systems further help to reduce the occupational hazards created by bone cement preparation. However, MMA fumes can still be detected using this technique. Although this is an important step in reducing MMA exposure in the operating theatre, further technical effort has to be taken to eliminate the continuous leakage of monomer from the devices while mixing and to minimize necessary manipulation for final delivery.
Publication The Annals of Occupational Hygiene
Date Jul 19, 2010

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