Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Panton-Valentine leukocidin-positive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus outbreak among healthcare workers in a long-term care facility

Auteur     H C Maltezou
Auteur     S Vourli
Auteur     P Katerelos
Auteur     A Maragos
Auteur     S Kotsalidou
Auteur     E Remoudaki
Auteur     T Papadimitriou
Auteur     A C Vatopoulos
Résumé     BACKGROUND: We investigated an outbreak of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections that occurred among healthcare workers (HCWs) but not among residents of a long-term care facility (LTCF). METHODS: Cases of S. aureus infection were sought by reviewing the medical records of residents and HCWs. In order to identify risk factors for the development of an S. aureus infection, an unmatched case-control study was conducted. Cases were all HCWs with a clinically compatible S. aureus infection; controls were HCWs with no history of a clinically compatible S. aureus infection. Cases and controls were interviewed and anterior nasal swabs were collected. RESULTS: Over a period of 14 months, a total of eight cases were identified among practice nurses, giving an attack rate of 10% for this category of profession. All isolates were identified as MRSA Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing SCCmec type IV. By multivariate analysis, working in a specific zone and being a practice nurse were found to be statistically significant risk factors for infection. CONCLUSIONS: The current outbreak indicates that HCWs may serve as vehicles for the entry of PVL-positive MRSA strains from the community into LTCFs, and that deficient hygiene practices and unrecognized carriage may facilitate spread. Given the increasing prevalence of PVL-positive MRSA infections worldwide, guidelines for the eradication of PVL-positive MRSA carriage within closed communities should be established and efforts to obtain cultures from compatible infections should be made.
Publication     International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID: Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
Volume     13
Numéro     6
Pages     e401-406
Date     Nov 2009

Export bibliographique

Chercher cette référence sur : Google Scholar, Worldcat


Laisser une réponse

Vous devez etre connectez Pour poster un commentaire