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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Sharps injuries and other blood and body fluid exposures among home health care nurses and aides

Auteur Margaret M Quinn
Auteur Pia K Markkanen
Auteur Catherine J Galligan
Auteur David Kriebel
Auteur Stephanie M Chalupka
Auteur Hyun Kim
Auteur Rebecca J Gore
Auteur Susan R Sama
Auteur Angela K Laramie
Auteur Letitia Davis

Résumé OBJECTIVES: We quantified risks of sharp medical device (sharps) injuries and other blood and body fluid exposures among home health care nurses and aides, identified risk factors, assessed the use of sharps with safety features, and evaluated underreporting in workplace-based surveillance. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey and workplace-based surveillance, collaborating with 9 home health care agencies and 2 labor unions from 2006 to 2007. RESULTS: Approximately 35% of nurses and 6.4% of aides had experienced at least 1 sharps injury during their home health care career; corresponding figures for other blood and body fluid exposures were 15.1% and 6.7%, respectively. Annual sharps injuries incidence rates were 5.1 per 100 full-time equivalent (FTE) nurses and 1.0 per 100 FTE aides. Medical procedures contributing to sharps injuries were injecting medications, administering fingersticks and heelsticks, and drawing blood. Other contributing factors were sharps disposal, contact with waste, and patient handling. Sharps with safety features frequently were not used. Underreporting of sharps injuries to the workplace-based surveillance system was estimated to be about 50%. CONCLUSIONS: Sharps injuries and other blood and body fluid exposures are serious hazards for home health care nurses and aides. Improvements in hazard intervention are needed.

Publication American Journal of Public Health

Volume 99 Suppl 3

Pages S710-717

Date Nov 2009

Abréviation de revue Am J Public Health

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