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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Work stress and gender-dependent coping strategies in anesthesiologists at a university hospital.

J Clin Anesth. 2007 Aug;19(5):334-8.
Work stress and gender-dependent coping strategies in anesthesiologists at a university hospital.
Kinzl JF, Traweger C, Trefalt E, Riccabona U, Lederer W.
Division of Psychosomatic Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Innsbruck Medical University, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate stressors and coping strategies for stress in a sample of anesthesiologists working at a university hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study via survey instrument. SETTING: University department of anesthesiology and critical care at a 1305-bed hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 135 anesthesia specialists and specialist trainees of anesthesia. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 135 self-reporting questionnaires used to assess sociodemographic data, workload, task demands, stress-coping strategies, physical health, emotional well-being, and working conditions, were distributed. Of these, 89 questionnaires were completed and returned, for a response rate of 65.9%: 33 (37.1%) female anesthesiologists and 56 (62.9%) male anesthesiologists. The burden of task-related stressors and of communication possibilities was assessed differently by male and female anesthesiologists. Female anesthesiologists more frequently reported higher concentration demands (P = 0.013) and limited possibilities to control work (P = 0.009) than did their male colleagues. Work at intensive care units (P = 0.001) was particularly demanding and burdensome for female anesthesiologists. Combined evaluation of various stress-coping strategies did not show significant differences between the genders. Generally, anesthesiologists had more confidence in their own personal capabilities and resources and in their social-particularly family-support outside the workplace, than in their social support from colleagues and superiors. CONCLUSIONS: Task-related stressors and communication possibilities differed between male and female anesthesiologists in our institution. Female anesthesiologists felt that they had less control over their work.

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