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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Demographic and occupational predictors of stress and fatigue in French intensive-care registered nurses and nurses’ aides: A cross-sectional study

Auteur     Gabrielle Jones
Auteur     Mounia Hocine
Auteur     Jérôme Salomon
Auteur     William Dab
Auteur     Laura Temime
Volume     52
Numéro     1
Pages     250-259
Publication     International Journal of Nursing Studies
ISSN     1873-491X
Date     Jan 2015
Résumé     BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers (HCWs) working in intensive-care units (ICUs) are exposed to high physical and mental demands potentially affecting their health or having repercussions on patient care. Although several studies have explored the links between some aspects of working conditions in hospitals and HCW health, the complex dynamics at play are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the impact of a wide array of demographic, employment and organizational factors related to fatigue and stress of French ICU HCWs. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted in ICUs of Paris-area hospitals between January 18, 2013 and April 2, 2013. All types of adult ICUs were included (medical, surgical and polyvalent). PARTICIPANTS: Included in the study were HCWs with patient contact (doctors, residents, registered nurses, nurse’s aides and physical therapists). Participation was proposed to all eligible HCWs present during on-site visits. Temporary staff not typically assigned to the given ICU was excluded. METHODS: Data were collected using an individual questionnaire administered in interviews during day and night shifts (N=682). Stress and fatigue outcomes included the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS10), the Nottingham Health Profile sleep and energy level rubrics and the current fatigue state at the interview. Multivariate analysis was restricted to nurse and nurse’s aide data (n=536). RESULTS: Doctors and residents reported fewer sleep difficulties but were more likely to report a tired current state. Female gender was associated with higher stress levels and greater fatigue for all outcomes, while greater social support of supervisor or colleagues decreased stress and fatigue. At the organizational level, longer shifts (12h vs. 8h) were associated with tired current state and greater sleep difficulties. Personnel on rotating shifts had lower stress and a better current state, while those on night shifts had greater sleep and energy level difficulties. CONCLUSIONS: Even when controlling for demographic factors, employment and organizational elements remained significantly associated with stress and fatigue outcomes. To improve HCW health it is important to consider simultaneously factors at the individual and organizational level.

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