Veille documentaire MTPH

Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Increased cancer risk among surgeons in an orthopaedic hospital

Occupational Medicine 2005 55(6):498-500
Increased cancer risk among surgeons in an orthopaedic hospital
‘Giuseppe Mastrangelo1,, Ugo Fedeli1, Emanuela Fadda1, Angelo Giovanazzi2, Luca Scoizzato1 and Bruno Saia1
1 Department of Environmental Medicine and Public Health, Section of Occupational Medicine, University of Padua, Italy2 Unit of Prevention and Safet’

Background Five cancer cases over 7 years were reported in a small orthopaedic hospital where radiation protection practice was poor. Aim To investigate whether workers subject to routine radiation dosimetric assessment in that hospital had an increased cancer risk. Methods One hundred and fifty-eight workers subject to routine dose assessment and 158 age–sex-matched unexposed workers were questioned about cancer occurrence. All tumours were analysed as a single diagnostic category. Results Cumulative 1976–2000 cancer incidence was 29 (9/31), 6 (8/125) and 4% (7/158) in orthopaedics, exposed other than orthopaedics, and unexposed workers, respectively. At logistic regression analysis, working as orthopaedic surgeon significantly (P<0.002) increased the risk of tumours. Conclusion These findings caution against surgeons' underestimation of the potential radiation risk and insufficient promotion of safe work practices by their health care institutions.

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