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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Aerobiology in the operating room and its implications for working standards.

Proc Inst Mech Eng [H]. 2005;219(2):153-60
Aerobiology in the operating room and its implications for working standards.
Friberg B, Friberg S. Department of Nursing, Umea University, Umea, Sweden.
novel operating room (OR) ventilation concepts, i.e. the upward displacement or thermal convection system and the exponential ultra-clean laminar air flow (LAF) designed to function without extra walls, were evaluated from a bacteriological point of view. The thermal convection system (17 air changes/h) was compared with conventional ventilation (16 air changes/h) with an air inlet at the ceiling and evacuation at floor level. The exponential LAF was compared with the vertical ultra-clean LAF and the horizontal ultra-clean LAF, both with extra side walls. The comparison was made using strictly standardized simulated operations and, except for the horizontal LAF, it was performed in the same OR where the type of ventilation was changed. In the different areas important for surgical asepsis, the thermal system resulted in a twofold to threefold increase in bacterial air and surface counts compared to the conventional system (statistical significance = p < 0.05-0.0001). The bacteriological efficiency of the exponential LAF was equal to the horizontal and vertical LAF units with extra walls in the OR, and all three systems easily fulfilled the criteria for ultra-clean air, i.e. bacteria-carrying particles < 10/m3. In the areas important for surgical asepsis the turbulent ventilation systems yielded highly significant correlation between air and surface contamination (p < 0.02-0.0006). No such correlation existed in the LAF systems.
MeSH Terms: Air Microbiology* – Bacteria, Aerobic/isolation & purification* – Colony Count, Microbial – Decontamination/instrumentation – Decontamination/methods* – Environment, Controlled – Environmental Exposure/analysis* – Equipment Contamination – Oc

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