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Médecine du travail du personnel hospitalier

Social-cognitive determinants of hoist usage among health care workers.

J Occup Health Psychol. 2006 Apr;11(2):182-96.
Social-cognitive determinants of hoist usage among health care workers.
‘Rickett B, Orbell S, Sheeran P.
Leeds Metropolitan University, Leeds, United Kingdom.’

Injuries caused by unsafe manual handling of patients are a major source of ill health in health care workers. The present study evaluated the ability of 4 classes of variable to predict use of a hoist when moving a heavily dependent patient. Variables examined were occupational role characteristics, such as hours of work and type of shift worked; biographics, including age and height; aspects of occupational context, such as number of hoists available and number of patients; and motivational variables specified by the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985) and protection motivation theory (Rogers, 1983). Regression analyses showed that background and social-cognitive variables were able to account for 59% of variance in intention to use a hoist and 41% of variance in use of the hoist assessed 6 weeks later. Height, hoist availability, coworker injunctive norm, perceived behavioral control, response cost, response benefits, and social and physical costs of not using the hoist each explained independent variance in motivation to use a hoist at work. (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved.

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